COORDINATED COMMUNITY RESPONSE 

Initiative partners are available to provide training, technical assistance (TTA) to tribal nations that currently do not receive Office on Violence Against Women (OVW) grant funding, to build their capacity to successfully plan, design, implement and sustain:

  • Coordinated Community Response (CCR) teams that will effectively address victim safety and offender accountability

  • Tribal Sexual Assault Response Team (SART) development and implementation

  • Community education and awareness

​Available technical assistance includes, but not limited to, the following:

  • Onsite training limited to targeted tribes;

  • Distance learning resources via webinar or podcast on the topical areas of CCR, SART development, implementation including working across jurisdictional boundaries, role of team members and victim-centered approaches;

  • Resources and tools to build capacity

 

This webpage provides CCR and SART resources for tribes and their justice systems to increase their capacity to respond effectively to sexual assault (SA), domestic violence (DV), dating violence, and stalking by the development of CCRs and SARTs in their tribal communities. It includes resources for developing CCRs and SARTs in a tribal community, tools that can assist tribes in the development of DV and SA response protocols and policies that address victim safety and offender accountability.

 

​What is a Tribal Coordinated Community Response Team?

A Coordinated Community Response (CCR) is a multi-agency collaboration consisting of those individuals who respond to domestic violence incidents within a tribal community, who coordinate and collaborate to develop and implement policies and practices in order to establish culturally appropriate, victim centered responses and ensure batterer accountability. Each agency represented on the CCR plays a vital role to ensure a consistent response from advocacy, law enforcement, judges, prosecutors and probation officers. A tribe does not need funding to develop or implement a CCR however it is best practice if the team had a full time paid CCR coordinator to carry out such duties as planning meetings, identifying location, taking notes, following through on action items, keep open lines of communication with team members.

What is a Tribal Sexual Assault Response Team?

A Sexual Assault Response Team (SART) is one type of CCR. A SART is a multidisciplinary, inter-agency, sexual assault intervention model. It is a team approach to implementing a comprehensive, sensitive, coordinated system of intervention and care for sexual assault victims. It can also be instrumental in developing policies and practices to hold offenders accountable. See following resource for more info:

Sexual Assault Response Teams: Resource Guide for the Development of Sexual Assault Response Teams (SART) in Tribal Communities

The SART manual was developed to assist communities in instituting effective, integrated policies, and procedures for the investigation, prosecution, and provision of services in sexual assault cases. As these policies and procedures become institutionalized, tribal communities can expect increased justice for Native women who are survivors of sexual violence.

What is the difference between a Coordinated Community Response (CCR), a Sexual Assault Response Team (SART), a Multi-Disciplinary Team (MDT) and a Child Protection Team (CPT)?

Often these teams can co-exist within a tribal setting however each team serves a unique purpose. A CCR’s function is to coordinate and collaborate to develop and implement policies and practices in order to establish culturally appropriate, victim centered responses and ensure batterer accountability to cases of domestic violence. A SART’s focus is to implement a comprehensive, sensitive, coordinated system of intervention and care for sexual assault victims and to strengthen cases for criminal prosecution.

Historically, MDT’s and CPT’s common goal is the protection of children within the tribal nation. A multidisciplinary team (MDT) is a team with representatives from a variety of disciplines (agencies) which meet to discuss child abuse and neglect cases. The people represented on the team may vary from community to community resulting in many different forms of a MDT.

 

How is a MDT different from a Child Protection Team (CPT)?

There can be a variety of definitions of CPTs and MDTs. Typically, a MDT is defined as a prosecution based team, focusing on child abuse and neglect cases involved in the legal/judicial system, while a CPT focuses on child protection. A CPT has the responsibility to insure that children who are victims of abuse or neglect are protected from additional maltreatment. Child protection often involves civil action while prosecution is a criminal justice issue. While CPTs and MDTs may share members from the same agencies, there are important differences. Both CPTs and MDTs have the common goal of developing a coordinated system to respond to child abuse and neglect cases. (From Multidisciplinary Teams and Child Protection Teams, Information sheet By: Eidell Wasserman, PhD)

 Are there tribal specific CCR resources?

Tracking and Monitoring: Building a Coordinated Community Response in Native Communities

This manual was created to specifically outline the process of building a Coordinated Community Response (CCR) in Native communities. The many complex jurisdictional and

legal issues that exist in Indian country make it difficult to pose a single organizing model

that is relevant to all Native communities. This manual separates the creation of building a Coordinated Community Response into a framework for general use, suggesting ways to customize this practice to suit the needs of diverse communities.

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Tribal Coordinated Community Response Worksheet (PDF)

This tool by Red Wind Consulting, Inc. helps tribes think about traditional coordinated responses as they identify their current practitioners involved in addressing sexual assault within their tribe or village.

The Oneida Tribe’s Coordinated Community Response

Oneida Tribe’s CCR was developed to address a lack of coordination between the justice and social service agencies responding to domestic violence in the community. A symptom of this problem was that domestic violence offenders were mandated to attend the Men’s Re-Education Program, but there was no mechanism in place to monitor their participation in the program or respond to non-compliance.

Are there helpful non-Native resources?

The Duluth Model - This is a web page with information about The Duluth Model

Since the early 1980s, Duluth—a small community in northern Minnesota—has been an innovator in ways to hold batterers accountable and keep victims safe. The “Duluth Model” is an ever evolving way of thinking about how a community works together to end domestic violence.

Wisconsin Sexual Assault & Domestic Violence CCR Toolkit – 2nd Edition, 2016

The CCR Toolkit is a collaborative effort of the End Domestic Abuse Wisconsin (EDAW) and WCASA. Offered as a free resource to communities, it is meant to be a preliminary guide to the process of forming and running a successful CCR.

Building an Interagency Response to Domestic Violence Crimes

The Blueprint for Safety, originally developed and implemented in Saint Paul, MN, is a prototype that can be used by any community hoping to link its criminal justice agencies together in a coherent, philosophically sound domestic violence intervention model.

U.S. DOJ First Response to Victims of Crime brochure:

The way people cope as victims of crime depends largely on their experiences and on how others treat them immediately after the crime. As a law enforcement officer, you are usually the first official to interact with victims. For this reason, you are in a unique position to help victims cope with the immediate trauma of the crime as well as to help them regain a sense of security and control over their lives.

Are there tribal specific SART resources?

Sexual Assault Response Teams: Resource Guide for the Development of Sexual Assault Response Teams (SART) in Tribal Communities

The SART manual was developed to assist communities in instituting effective, integrated policies, and procedures for the investigation, prosecution, and provision of services in sexual assault cases. As these policies and procedures become institutionalized, tribal communities can expect increased justice for Native women who are survivors of sexual violence.

Tribal Law Enforcement Protocol Resource: Sexual Assault Guide for Drafting or Revising Tribal Law Enforcement Agency’s Protocols Responding to Sexual Assault

The Tribal Law Enforcement Protocol Guide is a tool for improving the investigation of sexual assault crimes through the development of an internal protocol for law enforcement, and includes a model sexual assault protocol. Effective investigations increase the likelihood of victim participation and increase the probability of convictions in tribal, state, and/or federal courts. A law enforcement protocol can enhance the efforts of all community agencies in addressing sexual violence. (2008) This publication was developed in partnership with the Southwest Center for Law and Policy.

Prosecutor Sexual Assault Protocol Resource Guide for Drafting or Revising Tribal Prosecutor Protocols

The Prosecutor Sexual Assault Protocol is a tool for improving the prosecution of sexual assault crimes through the development of an internal protocol for tribal prosecution, and includes a model sexual assault protocol. Holding offenders accountable for their actions is a key part of making your community safe. A prosecutor protocol can enhance the efforts of all community agencies. (2008) This publication was developed in partnership with the Southwest Center for Law and Policy.

Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe of Michigan Sexual Assault Response Team Policy & Protocol 

(26 pages, PDF)

This protocol provides goals and a mission statement for a tribal SART in Michigan. The protocol includes a SART structure and processes for law enforcement officers, SANEs, and on-call advocates. (Source:  National Sexual Violence Resource Center)

 

Developing and Implementing a Response to Sexual Assault in Tribal Communities: A Summary of the Suggestions from the National Roundtable Discussion on Sexual Assault in Indian Country

(Office for Victims of Crime, 2017)

This publication is a product of an OVC, Indian Health Service, and Office on Violence Against Women event in July 2016. The publication offers practical guidance to tribal governments who are interested in developing or enhancing their community’s response to sexual violence.

Tribal Law & Policy Institute has developed a series of publications on sexual assault and domestic violence. 

DISCLAIMER

This project is supported by Grant No. 2017-TA-AX-K073, awarded by the Office on Violence Against Women, U.S. Department of Justice. The opinions, findings, conclusions, and recommendations expressed in this document are those of the author and  do not necessarily reflect the view of  the U.S. Department of Justice, Office on Violence Against Women.

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